Every fifth potential migrant in the whole world wants to move to the United States.
Most migrants all over the world are seeking to get to the United States, according to the study “Europe is a goal? The future of global migration”, which the Berlin Institute for the Study of Population and Development presented on Wednesday, July 3, writes DW.
According to the data provided by the authors of the report, every fifth (21%) potential migrant in the whole world, that is, 158 million people, wants to move to the United States. At the same time, as researchers note, the majority of migrants leave their homeland to find work, while social and armed conflicts are another important cause.
The authors of the report focused on the European Union and examined the reasons for the migration to the EU of people from different regions of the world. According to them, the majority of migrants come to a particular EU country from another European country. The number of such migrants in the EU from 1990 to 2017 has doubled – from just over 10 million to more than 20 million people. In second place are the migrants from the Middle East and North Africa. Their number over the same period of time increased from nearly 6 million to 9 million people. In third place are migrants from post-Soviet countries (a growth from more than 2 million to almost 6 million people).
Migrants from post-Soviet countries in the EU
After the collapse of the USSR, more and more migrants from its former republics began to arrive in the EU, the survey says. At the same time, after a slight slowdown from 2010 to 2015, the flow of such migrants began to increase again in the next two years. In 2017, there were 5.5 million immigrants from the former USSR in the EU, while 1.9 million of them received permission to stay in one of the European countries in the same year.
If we talk about the reasons for the migration of residents of post-Soviet countries to the EU, then in 2017 almost 40 percent of them came for family reasons, the other two common goals of arrival are education and work.
In general, in 2017 there were about 258 million migrants in the world, including 29 million from post-Soviet countries. At the same time, 63% of immigrants from the republics of the former USSR moved to Russia, Ukraine or Kazakhstan, which was due, in the opinion of the researchers, to common cultural, historical and linguistic features.