The world’s population grew from 6.1 billion in 2000 to 7.6 billion in 2018. According to various estimates, the world population will grow to 8.5 billion in 2030 and to 9.7 billion in 2050. But does it grow everywhere evenly? As it turned out, from 2000 to 2018, the growth rate of the population in Africa more than doubled that of China. What will be next?
The distribution of the population on the surface of our planet is like raindrops falling on the asphalt. Somewhere more, somewhere less, somewhere not at all. This happens for several reasons:
Natural resources: the population is condensed in areas where resources such as water are easily accessible. In ancient times, villages or cities almost always formed around rivers, lakes, ponds. Areas with fertile land for agriculture undoubtedly attract a lot of people, because there it is easy to produce food in order to survive.
Climate and environment: areas with a wonderful climate and environment tend to attract people for a better and healthier life.
Industrialization: in modern times, the population is accumulating in those areas that are industrialized. All this for the sake of employment and employment opportunities.
Nationality: in one of the past news, we wrote that large families, according to scientists, are characteristic only for underdeveloped nations. This also plays a significant role in the uneven distribution of the population.
These points can be explained, for example, by a sharp increase (by more than 50%) in the number of African peoples: most of the countries in Africa are underdeveloped, their climate is warm, and the territory is large. Therefore, under the right conditions, Africa has great potential for development, and can turn into China in the future (theoretically). Europe, on the contrary, has a small territory and a relatively developed society, due to which the number of Europeans over 18 years has increased by only 2%, although the average growth rate in the world is 10 times more.
Source: Tony Mapped It